Medical description: Cephalexin is a popular antibiotic that is often used as great help for the treatment of various types of infections. The drug is sold around the US, Australia and Europe and can exist in the form of tablets, granules, capsules, powder and suspension. The maximum daily dosage is 4g, the minimum daily dosage of the drug is 1g. The drug is prescribed individually so the dosage varies. It is not quite recommended to miss the dosage, and you should follow all the instructions. There are no significant side effects appeared in the period of treatment.
Synonyms: Alcephin, Cepcid, Cephasun, Cepmax, Phexin Bd, Alexin, Biocef, Carnosporin, Cefadal, Cefadin, Cefalin, Cefax, Ceforal, Cefovit, Cepol, Ceporex, Durantel, Erocetin, Felexin, Fexin, Ibilex, Ibrexin, Kefolan, Lafarine, Larixin, Lenocef, Lopilexin, Madlexin, Mamlexin, Medoxine, Neolexina, Nufex, Oroxin, Palitrex, Sanaxin, Servispor, Sialexin, Tepaxin, Voxxim, Winlex, Zozarine
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Main properties and the drug’s action
Cephalexin is the 1st generation antibiotic that refers to the group of cephalosporin medications. It is also known under the brand name Panixine and is widely sold around the US, Australia and countries of Europe. The given drug fights different kinds of bacteria in the human body, breaks the synthesis of cell walls of microorganisms and is resistant to lactamases and penicillinase of Staphylococci.
However, it is destroyed by cephalosporinase of gram-negative microorganisms. Generic Cephalexin has quite a broad range of actions. It is widely used in order to treat those infections that are caused by various types of bacteria, including infections of ear, skin and urinary tract. The drug is active against gram-positive microorganisms and gram-negative ones. After the reception the drug is quickly and well absorbed. Its bioavailability is about 90-95%, the meals delays the absorption, but does not affect its completeness. Therapeutic concentration is maintained for 4-6 hours.
The medication is distributed relatively evenly in various tissues and body fluids: lungs, heart, kidneys, gall, liver, gall bladder, joints, bones and respiratory tract. The drug is often sold without a prescription of the doctor for people who want to treat bacterial infections on their own. So if you are one of them, you can easily buy Generic Cephalexin at any drugstore in the country or order Generic Cephalexin online at one of the reliable online pharmacies (which is even more convenient and safe).
Forms of release and dosage
Forms of release of the given medication are the following: there may be coated tablets of 250 mg, capsules of 250 mg and 500 mg, powder for oral suspension of 125 mg, 250 mg and 500 mg (the suspension is sometimes mistakenly called a syrup), and granules for suspension for oral administration of 250 mg. The medicine is taken inside with water in 30-60 minutes before having meals. For adults it is 250-500 mg every 6-12 hours for the treatment of diseases that are caused by micro-organisms which are sensitive to this drug. If the infectious diseases are caused by less sensory organisms, the daily dosage of the medication is 2-4g. The minimum daily dosage is 1g.
Children are prescribed 25-50 (up to 100) mg of Generic Cephalexin per kg of the body weight. Children under 10 should be appointed a drug in the form of a suspension. Multiplicity of reception is 4 times a day. The maximum dosage a day for adults and children older than 6 years is 4g. The duration of treatment usually takes up to 7-14 days. If infectious diseases are caused by streptococcus, the treatment should not last less than 10 days.
Take Cephalexin exactly the way it was prescribed for you. Never use the given drug in larger amounts, or for much longer than it is written in the instruction for usage or is recommended by your personal doctor. Always follow the instructions of your doctor. It is even better to receive the drug with a full glass of water. Dissolve the tablet of the medication in a small amount of water (there should be at about two teaspoonfuls). Stir the mixture you got and drink it right away. So that you can be confident that you will certainly receive the entire dosage, add a bit more of water to your glass, stir gently and drink at once. You should not swallow or chew a tablet. I order to use the correct dosage, measure the given liquid with a marked measuring spoon (medicine cup will be also fine), but not with an ordinary table spoon.
If you do not have these dose-measuring devices, ask for one your pharmacist. Take the drug for the whole period of time exactly as it was prescribed by your doctor. Remember that the symptoms of your illness may become better but the infection is not completely treated. Generic Cephalexin will not be much efficient for a viral infection, for instance, the cold or flu. This medicine can be a reason of unusual results of certain medical tests.
So you should tell any doctor who might be treating you that you are receiving the given drug. In case you have accidentally missed the dosage, take it at once after you have remembered about it. But if it is almost time to receive your next dosage, it is better to skip the missed dosage of the medication and use the drug at your next reception. You should not take extra medicine in order to compensate for the missed dosage. If you doubt you have probably overdosed, you might require medical attention.
When taking the given antibiotic it has been reported serious and occasionally fatal hypersensitivity reactions. You should stop using the given drug should immediately when you notice the first appearance of a skin rash or other possible signs of hypersensitivity. Such severe hypersensitivity reactions might require the course of treatment with epinephrine and other resuscitative measures. Patients with phenylketonuria should know that some formulations might contain phenylalanine.
Caution is highly recommended for patients with violated renal function. You should not use the drug if seizures occur. In order to decrease the risk of development of resistant to the drug organisms, you have to receive antibiotics only for the treatment or preventing of proved or suspicious infections that are caused by bacteria.
Culture and receptivity information should be considered when choosing the course of treatment or, if there are no data available, local epidemiology and receptivity patterns may be considered when choosing empiric therapy. Doctors should take some advice for patients not to avoid missing of doses and to complete the entire course of therapy.
Cephalexin is an effective antibiotic of 1st generation used worldwide as great help in the treatment of different infections and for other purposes.
What main facts should you know about Cephalexin?
Cephalexin is considered as an antibiotic of the 1st generation that belongs to the cephalosporin group. It has a bactericidal effect and quite a wide spectrum of antibacterial action. The medication is effective as treatment against gram-positive bacteria (staphylococci, streptococci, diphtheria bacilli), and gram-negative ones (gonococcus, Shigella, Salmonella). Generic Cephalexin has no effect on Mycobacterium tuberculosis and anaerobic bacteria.
It is almost completely absorbed by the gastrointestinal tract. The medication is prescribed for infectious diseases, inflammatory effects that are caused by non-resistant to the drug bacteria, including the genitourinary system, lesions of the skin and soft tissues; osteomyelitis, gonorrhea, endometritis. The drug is widely used around the world so it is available at any drug of the US, Europe and Australia. You can buy Generic Cephalexin for your own needs in the nearest drugstore or order Generic Cephalexin via Internet at one of the reliable online pharmacies, which is even more convenient.
What is the dosage?
The doctor sets the dosage of the given medication individually for each patient, taking into account the severity and location of the disease, and resistance of the microorganism. By internal usage the average adult dosage is from 250 to 500 mg of the drug every 6-12 hours. In severe cases the dosage can be increased up to 4-6 grams a day. The duration of the treatment period takes usually up to 1-2 weeks.
The children that are weighing less than 40 kg should have an average daily dosage of the medication equal to 25-50 mg per kilogram of the body weight 4 times a day. By acute infectious diseases, the usual daily dosage of the drug can be increased to 100 mg per kilogram of the body weight, and the multiplicity of reception should take up to 6 times per day. By diseases that are caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus of group A: the duration of the treatment period should last at least 10 days.
Are there any special recommendations?
Those patients who have hypersensitivity to penicillin cephalosporin of Cephalexin should necessarily receive the given drug with caution because there might be the possibility of occurrence of cross-allergies. You should also keep in mind the fact, that according to different medical literature, there exists a cross-reaction between penicillins and cephalosporins in case of hypersensitivity to penicillin of approximately 8% of the patients.
Therapy with the help of Cephalexin is necessary to stop in case of the occurrence of allergic reactions, especially such as anaphylactic shock, and there should be applied the practiced in such situations anti shock therapy. One-time usage of high dosages of cephalosporins and nephrotoxic medications sometimes provokes a reduction in renal function, which has not been recorded in the usage of the substance in usual amounts.
In case with patients who have impaired kidney function the accumulation is likely (the doctor must adjust the dosage of the medicine). Generic Cephalexin is prescribed carefully, in small amounts. If the patient’s body is infected with staphylococcus, there is usually a cross-immunity between cephalosporins and izoksazolilpenitsills. During the therapy the patients should not drink any alcohol. As in case with oral usage of any other antibiotics, there might be observed the occurrence of secondary infections.